Sherrod, in an interview with CNN, called her talk with Obama "a very good conversation" and said she was pleased with it.
"I've been dealing with some of the same issues he's been dealing with, especially for the last five years," she said.
Earlier, she said in a network interview that she viewed the president as "not someone who has experienced some of the things I've experienced in life."
Sherrod said she still wasn't uncertain whether she would accept Vilsack's invitation to come back to his department, saying she wanted to think it over.
"The president expressed to Ms. Sherrod his regret about events of the last several days," the White House said. "He emphasized that Secretary Vilsack was sincere in his apology yesterday, and in his work to rid USDA of discrimination."
A White House official said that Sherrod did not indicate to the president whether she would accept the job she has been offered at the Agriculture Department. The president tried to reach her twice on Wednesday night but was unable to leave a message, said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss behind-the-scenes details.
White House staff were trying to reach Sherrod this morning, and when she called back to the White House, the president spoke with her from his private office.
The furor centered on a videotape on the Internet of Sherrod's remarks, recalling her reluctance 24 years ago to help a white farmer seeking government assistance. Blogger Andrew Breitbart said he posted it to illustrate that racism exists in the NAACP, an argument he was using to counter allegations by the civil rights organization of racism in the tea party.
"He was willing to destroy me ... in order to try to destroy the NAACP," Sherrod said Thursday of Breitbart, saying she still hasn't heard an apology from him. She had argued from the start that her talk was about racial moderation and reconciliation, and that the Internet posting took her speech out of context.
Meanwhile, the conservative activist who originally posted the video on the internet has offered a narrow correction on his website, BigGovernment.com.
Andrew Breitbart, who has not responded to requests for comment from The Associated Press, acknowledges in the correction that Sherrod's remarks about hesitating to help a white farmer referenced something that took place before she worked for the government.
The site -- which previously said Sherrod's comments were about her work as a USDA employee -- has not backed off its claim that Sherrod's remarks were racist, however. The site still labels the Sherrod posting with the heading, "Video Proof - The NAACP Rewards Racism."
Sherrod says Breitbart appears to have intentionally misconstrued her speech to a Georgia NAACP group, and she said in a series of broadcast interviews recently that she might consider suing him for defamation.
Sherrod also reiterated she isn't certain she'll return to government, even though the administration acknowledged she was done a disservice by being forced out, invited out, and then rendered cross-government apologies.
Obama has said nothing publicly about the controversy.
Sherrod said of Obama: "I'd like to help him see some of the things that he could do in the future."
"I really regret what they did. But as I said before, he's my president," Sherrod said. "When you get it down to where the rubber meets the road, I think you need to understand a little more what life is like. I'd love to talk to him, though, or people in his administration ... to help them understand."