Strategies to reduce your food budget

May 20, 2009|By LYNN LITTLE / Special to The Herald-Mail

If it seems like you are spending more money every time you go to the grocery store, you are right. Food prices are increasing and have been for the past several years. A little planning, along with some minor changes, can help you eat healthy without breaking your budget.

The most cost efficient use of your money is to reduce the amount of times you eat out. Meals eaten away from home usually cost two to three times the cost of preparing them at home.

If you plan to eat more meals at home there are several ways to save at the grocery store. Plan your menus and shopping list ahead of time and only shop once per week. Additional trips to the store make it too tempting to pick up extras that you want but don't need. While making your list, check your refrigerator and cabinets for ingredients you already have on hand. Cutting down on trips and using your shopping list will not only help you save money, it will also help you use less gas and save time.


Planning several meatless meals every week can also make a big difference in your food budget. Beans are a great source of protein and cost only pennies per person to serve. You can use beans to make a vegetarian chili - most people don't even miss the meat. Many kids say they don't like beans, but often they will eat a bean burrito and love it.

It is important to try to decrease the amount of food waste in your household. Millions of dollars worth of food are wasted each year. This doesn't mean you have to eat everything in sight so you don't have to throw it away. Rather, it is a suggestion to make plans for all of the food you purchase and follow through with those plans. How many bananas sit on the counter until they turn black and get tossed in the trash? That banana can be mashed and frozen and used for banana bread or perhaps added to a fruit smoothie.

When you prepare a meal and have leftovers plan to use them for lunch the next day or plan a night when you finish all of the leftovers from the week. You can also use leftovers as ingredients to create a new meal on the following day.

Purchasing snacks at vending machines or convenience stores is also very costly and you will have a hard time finding many healthful snack options. Make your own snack mix and carry a reusable water bottle with you. If you buy soda or coffee at convenience stores or coffee shops, instead try to purchase these items at the grocery store or brew your coffee at home. Initially it may seem expensive to buy these items in larger quantities, but what you buy at the grocery store will cost a fraction of what you will pay for the small and pricey items at the convenience store.

Food is our third highest household expense after housing and transportation. However, it is possible to decrease this expense with careful planning and shopping. We can't control food prices, but we can control how we spend our money.

For ideas on menu planning and eating on a budget go to and ; for other savings tips and ways to stretch your food dollar go to and search for "meal planning, shopping and budgeting."

Lynn Little is a family and consumer sciences educator with University of Maryland Cooperative Extension in Washington County.

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