The annexation involved three properties known as the Old Standard quarry site, Alstadt's Corner and Bugler's Rest, south of the intersection of Millville Road and U.S. 340.
The project being proposed by developers Gene Capriotti, Herb Jonkers and Jim Gibson called for the construction of office buildings around a lake on the quarry property. A 150-room hotel would have been built along the lake.
Proponents said the project would generate about 6,000 well-paying jobs for county residents, but citizens and government officials worried how it would affect Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. Park Superintendent Don Campbell said Monday night that the development would be directly in the line of sight of Civil War battlefields.
Speakers cautioned against threatening the park that, through tourism, pumps about $32 million annually into the state and local economy.
"If you do this, you're letting the cow out of the barn," said Bob Hardy, mayor pro tem of Bolivar, W.Va.
Opponents of the project said the annexation was too far from Charles Town, and Hardy said Bolivar and Harpers Ferry would have been stuck with providing services like fire and police protection to the development if the annexation was approved.
"I'm left wondering just what we're trying to accomplish here," Charles Town resident Ann Paonessa said.
The National Parks Conservation Association issued a news release Monday saying more than two dozen local and national businesses and organizations were opposed to the annexation.
Charles Town attorney Jim Campbell, who is representing the developers, told the council that there has been misinformation about the project.
Although park officials have described some land as having a pristine battlefield, Jim Campbell showed photographs of industrial waste piled on one of the properties that was part of the old quarry site.
Campbell said a landfill also once existed at the site.
"Certainly, no one in this room is saying that it is pristine," Campbell said.
How they voted
Voting to reject the annexation: Matt Ward, Tim Robinson, Sandy Slusher McDonald and Amy Schmitt.
Voting against rejecting the annexation: Geraldine Willingham, Lacie Mumaw and Don Clendening