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All about teachers

April 04, 2005

Maryland State Department of Education and U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Statistics:

Average income for elementary, middle and secondary school teachers - $39,810 to $44,340 (as of 2002)

Types of certification

After receiving at least a bachelor's degree, teachers must become certified to teach in a given state by obtaining a teacher's certificate. Teachers also are required to continue their education in order to renew certificates and to advance on to higher level certificates.

1. Standard Professional Certificate 1

· Five-year certificate

2. Standard Professional Certificate 2

· Five-year certificate

· Three years of professional experience

· Six semester hours of acceptable credit (approved professional education course work)

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· Professional development plan for the Advanced Professional Certificate

3. Advanced Professional Certificate

· Five-year certificate

· Six semester hours of approved credit

· Master's degree or 36 semester hours of post-baccalaureate course work, which must include at least 21 semester hours of graduate credit or obtained National Board Certification and earned a minimum of 12 semester hours of approved graduate course work earned after the conferral of the bachelor's or higher degree

High school preparation

High school students interested in becoming teachers should use high school to choose a specific subject they wish to teach.

C. Lynne Hannah, chair and associate professor of education at Shepherd University in Shepherdstown, W.Va., recommends that students take research classes to help hone research and formal writing skills, computer courses to gain skill with current technologies and advanced placement courses to prepare for upper-level courses required at the college level.

Students also should focus on family and consumer sciences and the basic high school requirements found on the Praxis I test - English, mathematics and writing.

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