Phrases, terms and acronyms

September 20, 2004

· Achievement gap: Differences in test results among subgroups of the student population.

· Benchmark assessments: Locally designed tests modeled after state tests that are used to diagnose areas of strengths or weaknesses that allow teachers to make adjustments in their instruction.

· Collaborative development: Working together to create something.

· Data warehousing: A program or software package of some sort that collects data or information from a variety of difference sources and puts them together in one place in a manner that is easily accessed.

· E-Rate: Grants provided to assist schools in obtaining affordable telecommunications and Internet access.

· FARM: Free and Reduced-price Meals; refers to the school meal benefit program.

· GTE: Gifted and Talented Education; refers to programs and funding tailored for students who demonstrate exceptional abilities.

· Highly qualified staff: Teachers and instructional assistants who meet the strict certification requirements in the No Child Left Behind legislation.


· Implementation benchmark: A statement reflecting when a particular activity or program is to be completed.

· Indicator: A statement that establishes a measurable target by which progress can be determined.

· Interventions: A plan or program used to provide support for students falling behind before they fail.

· Maryland School Performance Program: The school and school system accountability program adopted by the State of Maryland in 1990.

· SAFE: School Accountability Funding for Excellence; refers to funding earmarked for specific education initiatives such as prevention of tobacco and drug use.

· Stakeholder: Any person who benefits from, has some interest in, or some tie to the school system such as a parent, a student, a businessperson, a taxpayer, a community resident, or an elected official.

· Title I, Title II, Title V: Refers to federal education legislation; funds allocated to schools may be tied to the specific requirements of the legislation in areas such as special education, professional development, or gifted and talented education.

· Work group: Group of school system staff who are paid to develop a specific product that will be used by the school system, such as curriculum for a particular subject area and grade.

- Source: Washington County Board of Education Master Plan and public information office

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