Question 2: School Board Responses

August 24, 1998


2nd question

What is role of bd. members in school management?

Paul W. Bailey: Board of Education members are selected by the public to carry out the prescribed laws and regulations as defined in the Code of Maryland Regulations. This code states that it is the responsibility of the board to make policies, set goals, provide an annual budget, and in consultation with the superintendent, develop the system's educational program.

Lenora Barnhart: As a school board member I need to listen to the issues and see that the appropriate people have had the opportunity to handle the situation before becoming directly involved. The day-to-day management of the school system should be handled at the lowest possible level by the appropriate person, administrator, principal and/or teacher as the situation dictates.

B. Marie Byers: Day-to-day management is the administration's responsibility. School boards are to establish policy and regulations with the advice of the superintendent. School boards have executive, legislative and quasi-judicial responsibilities clearly defined in the Annotated Code of Maryland. Checks and balances are maintained if the policies and regulations are implemented.


W. Gordon Crabb: Section 4-108 of Maryland Annotated code charges board members with adopting provisions of state bylaws, rules and regulations by establishing local policies and regulations. The board also has executive, legislative and judicial responsibilities. Administration of those policies and procedures is the responsibility of the superintendent. Day-to-day management is not the function of school board members.

William R. Cunningham: A board member should not interfere with the administrators doing their job. A board member should be supportive of the superintendent and his administrators. Board members should set policy and give directions, but must not micromanage in day-to-day activities. This must be the province of the professionals.

Philip G. Goldman: School board members have no role in the day-to-day management of the school. This function is served by the superintendent and his staff.

Christina Hammer-Atkins: A school board member needs to be in and out of schools on a daily basis, not just when a problem or decision needs to be addressed. One needs to get a feel of what is happening in the schools on a day-to-day basis.

J. Herbert Hardin: Board of Education members are "lay people" elected to establish system-wide policy within federal, state and county guidelines. The superintendent is charged with the administrative duty of implementing and carrying out the policies with workable procedures and the training of personnel. Board members are to express themselves in the school system and community as a unified body, not as individuals.

Ricky A. Hockensmith: The members of the Board of Education should not involve themselves in the day-to-day operations and maintenance of our schools. The Board is authorized and empowered to promote throughout the Washington County School system uniform, consistent and fair public school policies. The board, as advised by the superintendent, shall prescribe rules and regulations for the managing of our schools.

Robert L. Kline: There is no link between the board members' goals, budget and what happens in the classroom. This should be solely under the superintendent and his staff.

Mildred L. Myers: Board members have no authority as individuals over school affairs, but have complete authority as a legal body. The board is a policy-making body authorized to delegate the administration of those policies to the superintendent. The board is responsible for evaluating the effectiveness of their policies and the general administration.

Doris J. Nipps: The school board hires the superintendent to oversee school operations. I believe the board must maintain pertinent policies and procedures, set goals and vision, set standards for the operation of the system and review recommendations of the superintendent and staff. The superintendent is the day-to-day manager of the system.

Stephen Popper: None. Board duties: a. Carrying out policies of State Board; b. Maintain reasonable uniform school system providing quality education, equal educational opportunity for all children; c. Determine, with advice of superintendent, educational policies of school system; d. Make available to public bylaws, rules and regulations not inconsistent with state law, for conduct and management of schools.

David L. Resh Sr.: The role of elected school board members in the day-to-day management of the school system should be limited to developing and adopting policies. Implementation of those policies is the responsibility of the superintendent of schools.

Mary Wilfong: The school board is a policy-making group that should focus on educational goals and federal and state mandates. The day-to-day management should be done by the administrative staff.

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