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Some substitution options

February 03, 1998

Here are some emergency substitutions, courtesy of "Betty Crocker's New Cookbook":

baking powder, 1 teaspoon - 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar plus 1/4 teaspoon baking soda

balsamic vinegar, 1 tablespoon - 1 tablespoon sherry or cider vinegar

dry bread crumbs, 1/4 cup - 1/4 cup finely crushed cracker crumbs, corn flakes or quick-cooking or old-fashioned oats

chicken, beef or vegetable broth, 1 cup - 1 teaspoon chicken, beef or vegetable bouillon granules, or 1 cube, dissolved in 1 cup boiling water

buttermilk or sour milk, 1 cup - 1 tablespoon lemon juice or cider or white vinegar plus enough milk to make one cup (let stand a few minutes); or 1 cup plain yogurt

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cornstarch, 1 tablespoon - 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour or 4 teaspoons quick-cooking tapioca

light corn syrup, 1 cup - 1 1/4 cups granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water, mixed

dark corn syrup, 1 cup - 1 cup light corn syrup; 3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses; 1 cup maple-flavored syrup

egg, 1 large - 2 egg whites; 1/4 cup cholesterol-free egg product; 2 egg yolks (for custard or puddings); or 2 egg yolks plus 1 tablespoon water (for cookies or bars)

garlic, 1 medium clove, chopped - 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder or 1/4 teaspoon instant minced garlic

fresh herbs, 1 tablespoon chopped - 3/4 to 1 teaspoon dried

fresh lemon juice, 1 tablespoon - 1 tablespoon bottled lemon juice or white vinegar

grated lemon peel, 1 teaspoon - 1 teaspoon dried lemon peel

milk, 1 cup - 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water; or nonfat dry milk prepared as directed on package

mustard, 1 tablespoon - 1 teaspoon dry ground mustard

poultry seasoning, 1 teaspoon -1/4 teaspoon ground thyme plus 3/4 teaspoon ground sage

pumpkin or apple pie spice, 1 teaspoon - mix 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ground ginger, 1/8 teaspoon ground allspice and 1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg

sour cream, 1 cup -1 cup plain yogurt

brown sugar, 1 cup - 1 cup granulated sugar mixed with 2 tablespoons molasses or dark corn syrup

granulated sugar, 1 cup - 1 cup light brown sugar or 2 cups powdered sugar

tomato paste, 1/2 cup - 1 cup tomato sauce cooked uncovered to reduce to 1/2 cup

tomato sauce, 2 cups -3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water

canned tomatoes, 1 cup - about 1 1/3 cups cut-up fresh tomatoes, simmered 10 minutes

red wine, 1 cup - 1 cup apple cider or beef broth

white wine, 1 cup -1 cup apple juice, apple cider or chicken broth

yeast, regular or quick active dry, 1/4-ounce package -2 1/4 teaspoons regular or quick active dry or 1 .6-ounce package compressed cake yeast

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